Unmasking Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Over Dependency on drugs and other ailments can be treated by changing the thinking mentality and emotions of a person and this is the core of cognitive behavioural therapy.
A classification of mental health counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy which was founded in the 1960s by Dr. AAron T. Beck.
Get The Resources To Empower You In Defeating Addiction
Overcoming addiction calls for many resources and people. Drug addiction treatment programs, both outpatient and residential, will help you avoid relapses and stay sober afterwards. There are mental health specialists on hand to help you learn life skills that will keep you on the path to recovery.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Getting in control of your thoughts and perception about life an addiction will help in overcoming this behaviours and this is something the patients are trained on at CBT.
Some of the other behaviours that can be eliminated aside from dependency on drugs include
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Various forms of eating disorders
- PTSD or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And How It Works
Lack of proper reason or sense is what causes people to behaviour in a certain tragic way and this explanation is according to Cognitive Behavioural therapy. Such reactions and feelings may be brought on by traumatic occurrence or background.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. Fear, self doubt and other internalized feelings together with misconceptions are what usually cause these automatic negative thoughts. Trying to suppress the pain inflicted by these experiences people self-medicate with alcohol and drugs.
A person may be better able to deal with their addiction if they know what causes them to feel as they do and how these emotions and behaviours lead to the use of a drug or alcohol.
Facing these sensitive areas often leads a patient to get over the acute pain they cause. After that they can learn other, favourable behaviours that will replace those leading to drug or alcohol use.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
Whenever there is an addiction, there is usually another mental issue such as depression and anxiety disorders and these usually stem from automatic negative thoughts.
Someone is bound to start using drugs or be addicted to alcohol if they constantly have negative thoughts and feelings of depression.
How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
How Cbt Works In Helping Patients Overcome Addiction
- Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
- Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
- Carrying out training on effective communication skills.
How To Manage Triggers
- Learn to identify what makes you want to take drugs or drink.
- Avoid The Triggers
- Stay away from places and situations that make you want to drink or take the drugs.
- The techniques of getting rid of these feeling you have learnt from CBT will come in handy in this place.
Patients can well practice CBT techniques even at the places other than the therapist's office. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Methods Used In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are exercises peculiar to CBT-based treatment for addicted patients.
Examples of CBT techniques which are generally utilised in the treatment of addictions include the following
- Evaluation Of Thoughts
- This involves dispelling automatic negative thoughts by finding proof that shows these thoughts to be false.
- The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
- The idea is that by critically evaluating your thoughts, you will be able to have thoughts that are less harsh and are more rational.
Example "my manager thinks I'm useless." In this case, CBT will help the person move from a mindset where they feel they need to drink to feel better about themselves to one where they see mistakes as a normal part of the learning process. If I learn from my mistakes and heed my manager's advice, she will appreciate it. I don't need any alcohol to bolster my self-esteem."
- Behavioural Experiments
- To see the one that has a greater effect on behaviour, the effects of positive thoughts can be compared to those of negative ones.
- Where some people may respond to self-criticism, others may prefer self-kindness.
- One needs to identify the behaviours that work best with them.
Example "I'm likely to binge drink less if I am hard on myself during and after the binge drinking" vs. "I'll probably have fewer drinks if I am talking to myself kindly after the session of binge drinking."
- Imagery Based Exposure Technique
- This exercise requires recovering addicts to think about a memory that can instigate powerful negative feelings.
- During this moment, they are required to take note of every sight, emotion, sound, thought and impulse.
- Regularly re-enacting that moment in their minds, the patient can deal with the pain and nervousness brought about by the memory.
Example A young man emphasises on uncomfortable memories of his childhood. Everything they went through at that time is clear as day to them. The person will become less inclined to use drugs or alcohol because as they revisit the event more often, the trauma of the event is felt less.
- Pleasant Activity Plan
- It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
- The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
- By scheduling these simple activities that individuals can easily reduce some of the negative and automatic thoughts within the mind and gain control over the subsequent need to indulge in the use of drugs or alcohol.
Example A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
While others therapies may be less hands-on, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides an approach that is much more attentive.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.
The foundation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy focuses on action-based treatment, which will be rapid. CBT has become a standard part of many long term rehab programs since they provide the patients with ways of coping.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. CBT is a regular part of the treatment program as far as many rehab centres and addiction specialists are concerned.