A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.
Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction makes the body have a strong desire for the substance. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.
The condition of the person, their family lineage, the substance in question, and the person involved are some of the factors that determine the possible signs and symptoms of addiction.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
There may be abruptly increased craving. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Stress management - Addicts usually feel they cannot handle issues without fortifying themselves with the drug.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
Having stashes - the dependent individual may have little supplies of their substance shrouded away in various parts of the house or auto; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Clashing with the law - this is more typical of certain alcohol and drug dependencies (e.g. not nicotine). This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.