Defining Drug Addiction
Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.
Dependency is an illness that affects behaviour and the brain.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
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Enslavement treatment must help the individual to the accompanying
- desist from drug use
- stay drug free
- be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Standards Of Effective Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
- Individuals need fast access to treatment.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
- Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
- In order to accommodate the needs of the patient, treatment methods must be appraised with changes in the patient's needs.
- Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
- The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
- The treatment does not rely on the volition of the patient to yield positive fruits.
- Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
- People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Rewarding treatment has a few stages
- detoxification (the process through which drug is expelled from the body)
- Psychological therapist
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
- long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
- Withdrawal During the detoxification process, medication helps suppress the physical reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Preventing A Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. There are medications for the treatment of addictions to alcohol, tobacco/nicotine, and opioids, such as heroin or prescription pain pills. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Users of multi drugs to fully recover must be treated for each one.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Psychotherapy assists addicts to
- Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
- Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
- continue receiving medication and other types of treatment
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy, which is for teenage addicts and their families to understand all of the factors influencing the patterns of drug abuse and works on improving the family's ability to function
- Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
- Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme
- In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
- Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.